|What is Philosophy?|
Nyaya is an orthodox school of philosophy. It was founded by a great sage called Gautama, not to be confused with the Lord Buddha.
Nyaya accepts the basic philosophy of Vaisheshika system. It can be said that the Vaisheshika system is theory, Nyaya is the practice.
Nyaya recognizes god but Gautama does not deal with the problem of existence of god in any detail.
Like the Vaisheshika, Nyaya holds that the self is an individual substance, eternal and all pervading. Consciousness is not an essential attribute of the self, but it is only an accidental one. According to Nyaya, salvation is the state of absolute freedom. It is freedom from all pains and pleasures. Then there is freedom from the cycle of the birth and death also.